Background: This study aimed at assessing the Candida spp. killing efficacy of the new cornea cold storage medium with antimycotic tablet, Kerasave (AL.CHI.MI.A. S.r.l.).
Material and methods: Kerasave antimycotic activity was determined by in vitro time-kill studies. In order to simulate tissue contamination, sterile porcine corneas were immersed in inoculum solutions respectively containing 105 cfu/ml of 5 Candida spp. clinical isolates (C. albicans ATCC 10231, C. albicans ATCC 90028, C. albicans ATCC MYA-2876, C. tropicalis ATCC 750 and C. parapsilosis ATCC 90018) for 5 h at room temperature. The killing rate at 4°C was monitored by determination of residual contamination in tissue homogenates and storage media after 5 and 10 days of incubation. The samples were treated with RESEP for elimination of antimicrobials before plating by spread-plate technique. Killing rate of the media was evaluated at additional 1, 2 and 3 days time points for C. albicans ATCC 10231, C. albicans ATCC 90028 and C. tropicalis ATCC 750.
Results: In vitro time-kill studies on cornea homogenates showed at least 3 log10 decrease after 5 days incubation at 4°C and 4 to 6 log10 reduction for all Candida strains was achieved within 10 days of incubation at 4°C.
The media showed almost maximal elimination of the contamination corresponding to 3.1 to 5.6 Log 10 already after 5 days of incubation at 4°C for all tested strains.
Conclusions: The new cold storage medium with antimycotic tablet, Kerasave, exhibited an excellent killing rate of all tested Candida clinical isolates in corneal tissue already after 5 days of tissue cold storage.