Methods: Serial dilutions of perfluorooctanoid acid, 1H,1H,7H-dodecafluoro-1- heptanol, 1H,1H,1H,2H,2H-Perfluorooctane, 1H perfluorooctan; ethylbenzene, paraxylene, perfluotobutyfurane, and hexafluoro-1,2,3,4-tetrachlorobutane were tested by direct contact cytotoxicity test using BALB3T3 and ARPE19 cell lines, after application on 59% of the area for 24 h.
Results: Traces of paraxylene, ethylbenzene, and PFOA (≤30ppm) induced severe toxicity in both cell lines. Hexafluoro-1,2,3,4-tetrachlorobutane and H,1H,7H-Dodecafluoro-1-heptanol were cytotoxic at approximately 10000 ppm. 1H perfluorooctan was cytotoxic at approximately 60000 ppm. High concentrations of 1H,1H,1H,2H,2H-Perfluorooctane and perfluotobutyfurane were not cytotoxic.
Conclusions: Six out of eight perfluorocarbon manufacturing process residuals showed cytotoxicity in the direct contact test according to ISO 10993-5. Paraxylene, ethylbenzene, and PFOA were the most cytotoxic compounds. 1H,1H,1H,2H,2H-Perfluorooctane and perfluotobutyfurane were not cytotoxic.