Abstract: A 13-year retrospective chart review of 5,097 consecutive cases that underwent pars plana vitrectomy (PPV), and retinal tamponade with GOT SF6 multi or GOT C3F8 (AL.CHI.MI.A. S.r.l.) according to the specific case, in a tertiary referral center in Turkey was performed. Age at onset, sex, laterality, associated systemic diseases, pre- and postoperative visual acuities (VA), indications, type of surgery and outcome of surgery were analyzed. The most common indications for vitreoretinal surgery (VRS) were rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (n = 1,802, 35.4%) and proliferative diabetic retinopathy (n 0 1,505, 29.5%). The most common vitreoretinal technique combinations performed were PPV with encircling endolaser (EL) and phacoemulsification with intraocular lens implantation (33,0%)., PPV with encircling EL (30.4%), and only PPV (7.0%). A statistically significant increase in the mean VA was noted at the first- (1.16 ± 0.44 logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution, logMAR) and sixth-month (1.06 ± 0.61 logMAR) visits when compared to the preoperative VA (1.77 ± 0.58 logMAR; p < 0.001). Comparisons in the top surgical indications, techniques and outcomes for vitrectomy between the countries could be important for the development of subspecialization in VRS.
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