Year: 2022

Authors: Burgos-Blasco B.; Vidal-Villegas B.; Collado-Vincueria I.; Soria-García A. M.; Cuiña-Sardiña R.; Mendez-Fernandez R.; Diaz-Valle D.; Ariño-Gutierez M.

Cell Tissue Bank
Online version

This is a: Publication

To report the clinical results on the use of corneas frozen in Eusol-C as tectonic corneal grafts. Retrospective review of medical records of patients who received frozen corneas as emergency tectonic grafts from 2013 to 2020. Corneas had been stored in Eusol-C preservation media at − 78 °C for a mean time of 6.9 months. Diagnosis, transplant characteristics, microbial culture results, anatomic integrity, epithelial healing, neovascularization, transparency, infection and need for additional surgeries were registered. Fifty corneas were used in 40 patients (mean age 60.5 years, 20 males) with a median follow-up of 27.3 months after surgery. Need for tectonic graft was due to: perforation secondary to immune diseases (6, 12%), neurotrophic ulcer (11, 22%), trauma (3, 6%), corneal infection (11, 22%), chronic disorders of the ocular surface (9, 18%) and previous corneal graft failure (10, 22%). Mean size of grafts was 5.6 mm and 36 cases (72%) also received an amniotic membrane graft. Thirty-eight corneas achieved epithelization (76%), 25 (50%) were clear and 19 (38%) developed neovascularization. None of the corneas were rejected. Seventeen corneas (34%) failed: 7 (14%) due to reactivation of baseline disease and 10 (20%) due to primary graft failure. Four corneas (8%) had positive microbial cultures suggestive of contamination and 2 (4%) developed a cornea abscess non-related to a positive microbial culture. Long-term preservation of donor corneas in Eusol-C at − 78 °C is a viable technique to meet the needs of emergency grafts with minimal equipment.